13.03.17 (07:30) Interview of Lieutenant General Igor Makushev, Chairman of the Military Scientific Committee of the Russian Armed Forces – Deputy Chief of General Staff, on the issue of organization of the scientific and business programme of the ARMY 2017, III International Military-Technical Forum

Is the Military Scientific Committee taking active part in organizing the Forum?

The Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation approved the Plan of organization of the ARMY 2017 Forum in December 2016. The Committee is organizing the scientific and business programme of the Forum as it controls scientific work and coordinates scientific developments of the Russian Defence Ministry.

These are the main goals of the business and scientific programme:

development of proposals on raising cooperation level between small-size innovative companies and organizations of the defence industrial complex, research-and-development organizations and military control bodies in developing strategic prospective armament systems and complexes, military and special hardware;

determination of priority directions in military science development, hardware and technologies in the interest of developing a prospective armament, military and special hardware for 2017-2025.

generation of proposals on developing order and conditions of introducing innovative developments, technologies and materials in prospective samples of armament, military and special hardware.

Exposition events of the Forum are held on August 22-27. Scientific and business programme is taking place on August 22-25.



What will the programme consist of? Will the Committee use the experience gained in course of the first and second Forums?

Planning and organization of the events of the scientific and business programme are carried out by the Programme Committee on the basis of proposals of the military command, research and educational organizations, developers of military and dual-purpose production.

The scientific and business programme is planned to be held in the format of conferences, roundtables and briefings on thematic areas of the Forum (there are 41 thematic sections). The whole subject of the scientific and business programme will be linked with the static exposition of the Forum.

Almost all military control bodies submitted their proposals to the Forum scientific and business programme. On their basis, a list of activities of the scientific and business programme has been formed, including more than 85 roundtables, conferences and briefings. In addition, information and invitation to participate in the scientific and business programme of organizations, from which applications and proposals for events are already received.

With the purpose of qualitative holding of the events of the scientific and business programme, the use of 20 conference halls and audiences of the Military Patriotic Park of Culture and Leisure of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation "Patriot" is planned.

Using the experience of the previous Forums, all the activities of the scientific and business programme will be planned in such a way that in one room it is possible to hold one conference or one roundtable per day. Such way will allow to discuss all the issues considered at the events of the scientific and business programme and enhance the effectiveness of the decisions made within the framework of conferences and roundtables. This was also evidenced by the findings of the Sociological Center of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, made on the basis of a survey of participants in the round tables in the framework of previous congress and exhibition events in the Russian Armed Forces.





Will the scientific companies participate in the Forum and demonstrate results of their work?

Positive experience of participation of scientific companies in the ARMY 2015 and ARMY 2016 Forums has shown that such events contribute to increasing the effectiveness of their research, as they allow to evaluate and visually demonstrate the results of their activities. More than 30 operators of scientific companies that took an active part in the International Military Technical Forum ARMY 2016 were awarded the Medal of the Ministry of Defence "For achievements in the development of innovative technologies."

It is to be reminded that there are 12 scientific companies in the Ministry of Defence. The servicemen perform specific scientific tasks for the order and interests of the military command and control bodies.

Their active participation is planned in the exposition, where they would demonstrate their new developments. For three and a half years, thanks to the scientific work of military personnel, more than 80 applications for granting patents for invention were issued, about 300 rationalization proposals, more than 350 software products were developed, and more than 900 scientific articles were published.

During the Forum, all interested persons will be provided with information on the scientific and military-technical topics of the scientific activities of the scientific companies, the procedure for selecting candidates for military service on conscription to scientific companies, the rules of official time for servicemen of scientific companies, the scientific management of operators, places, living conditions, etc.



What part will the leading scientific organizations and educational establishments of the Defence Ministry take in the Forum?

Leading universities and research organizations of the Ministry of Defence will take an active part in the scientific and business programme, exposition and other events of the Forum. It should be noted that more than half of the 90 planned events of the scientific and business programme of the Forum will be held by universities and scientific organizations of the Ministry of Defence. In course of the Forum's scientific and business programme, the main activities of the Armed Forces in the organization and implementation of defense and comprehensive security of the Russian Federation, the equipping of the Armed Forces, other troops and bodies with weapons, military and special hardware will be discussed.

Leading military educational and scientific centers, military academies, and military institutes, which often have very good practical results of scientific research are planned to participate in the Forum.

Such organization will allow, within the framework of one event, to unite producers and consumers of products and services aimed at strengthening the state's defense capability, and create conditions for a multilevel exchange of scientific and technical information. This will contribute to increasing the effectiveness of the Russian Defence Ministry and stimulating the innovative development of the defense-industrial complex of the Russian Federation.



Where and how the results, which had been gained in course of the ARMY 2016 Forum, were used?

Events of the scientific and business programme of the ARMY 2016 Forum were held in the format of conferences, meetings, briefings and roundtables, to which representatives of the federal executive authorities, the Russian Academy of Sciences and the defence industry were invited in 41 thematic areas corresponding to the most urgent tasks At the present stage of development of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

Main results of the scientific and business programme of the ARMY 2016 Forum, including those of a constructive nature and practical orientation, have been summarized in the form of the Compendium, as well as brought to the interested bodies of military administration, universities and research organizations. The conclusions and decisions of the conferences and roundtables allowed us to take a more balanced approach to the formation of state military-technical policy, priority directions in the development of military science, technology and technologies in order to create a scientific and technical base for the development of advanced and upgrading of existing weapons, military and special equipment for the period up to 2025 year.

Results of the scientific and business programme of the ARMY 2016 Forum are also planned to be used in the organization of scientific work and scientific research in the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation.
07.03.17 (17:30) Interview of Colonel Sergei Popov, Chief of the Main Robotic Research, Development and Test Centre of the Russian Defence Ministry, on robotic technologies in the Armed Forces

– Things told by science-fiction writers came true: robots appeared to help people. What can you tell about robotization process in the Russian Armed Forces?

Technologies are being developed in the modern world. Robots provide assistance to people more and more often. Within last decade, development of robotic technologies allowed us use robots not only in industry and everyday life but also in conducting special and military missions.

Robots do not feel tired and do not feel pain. They are capable to carry out tasks in critical conditions. Introduction of robotic complexes will reduce manpower losses during warfare and will allow to perform tasks impossible for a human.

The Armed Forces have been paying special attention to robotic complexes. Unmanned aerial vehicles have been operated for situation monitoring in Syria. Ground robots have been defusing explosives.

Starting from 2015, military industrial companies, organizations of the Russian Defence Ministry, security agencies and departments as well as representatives of foreign countries have been demonstrating newest samples of armament, military and special hardware as well as innovation technologies in the Patriot Park.

– It is known that the Main Robotic Research, Development and Test Centre of the Russian Defence Ministry is a permanent participant of the ARMY International Military Technical Forum. The Centre demonstrated newest developments in the field of robotic technologies. Can you tell about them in details?

The Main Robotic Research, Development and Test Centre of the Russian Defence Ministry is a permanent participant of the ARMY Forum. The Centre demonstrates newest developments in the field of military robotic technologies.

In 2016, the Centre demonstrated designs developed jointly with industrial companies. The Vikhr (Vortex) multi-purpose robotic complex and Morskaya Ten' (Sea Shadow) automated unmanned underwater vehicle attracted the greatest interest. The vehicles have unique characteristics and positive recalls from representatives of military control bodies, arms and services.

– As we know, the Centre has won the contest "Through Difficulties to the Stars".

The Main Centre has won the nomination titled "Best exposition". We have much to surprise experts, specialists and visitors of the Forum. It is rewarding that work in course of expositions has results. For example, the Centre had a roundtable conference titled "Ways of increasing levels of autonomy of robotic complexes" in course of the science and business programme of the Forum. The results of the conference are taken into account during development of military robotic systems.

The Main Centre will demonstrate new and developed samples of military robotic complexes designed jointly with leading industrial companies of Russia.